Sabbath Challah (Braided Egg Bread)

Makes 2 large or 4 medium loaves



2 cups water

1/2 cup unsalted butter

7-8 cups of unbleached bread flour

1 cup whole wheat flour + 2 teaspoons baking powder

1/4 cup white sugar

1/4 cup brown sugar

1/3 cup good quality honey

3 (.25 ounce) packages of active dry yeast

1 tablespoon salt

4 large eggs + 1 egg yolk

1 egg (beaten for the egg wash)

Poppy seeds and/or white sesame seeds



1. Put butter and water in a small saucepan. Heat until the butter is melted and warm. Do not let it boil (if it is too hot, set aside to cool for a bit). Remove from stove and mix in honey.


2. In a large bowl, mix the whole wheat flour, 2 cups bread flour, baking powder, white sugar, brown sugar, yeast, and salt together.


3. Add the warm liquid, and beat well.


4. Add the eggs (except for the egg for the egg wash) one at a time, beating thoroughly after each one.


5. Add in the remaining flour AS NEEDED, a half cup at a time, beating well after each addition. When the dough has come together, knead until smooth and elastic on a floured surface (about 10 minutes).


6. Place dough in a large lightly oiled bowl. Cover with a damp cloth and let it rise in a warm place for 1 hour or until doubled in size.


7. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and divide into 6 pieces (for 2 large loaves) or 12 pieces (for 4 medium loaves). Form them into long ropes, and braid the pieces (3 at a time) to form the loaves. Tuck the ends under to hold the shape.


8. Line a cookie sheet with parchment paper (or lightly oil it) and place loaves on them, leaving plenty of space between them. Cover loaves with a damp cloth and let it rise for another 40 minutes.


9. Preheat oven to 350F (175C).


10. Brush loaves with egg wash and sprinkle with the seeds of your choice. Bake for about 25-35 minutes (depending on size) until loaves are golden brown on top and sound hollow when you tap on the underside.


11. Enjoy immediately or cool and freeze for future use. To freeze, let cool completely and then wrap in a layer of plastic wrap and then foil. Place in freezer. When ready to use, remove the plastic wrap and just cover the loaf completely with foil. Set in an oven at 350F (175C) and let it bake until soft to the touch and hot.




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Why should we observe Sabbath? Check out this article (, or contact us for more information.

Sabbath Blessings


Blessing over the Sabbath candles (Messianic):


Barukh attah Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha-olam, asher kideshanu bemitzvotav ve-tzivanu lehiyot or la-goyim v'natan-lanu et Yeshua Meshicheinu or ha-olam. (


Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to be a light to the nations and Who gave to us Yeshua our Messiah, the Light of the World. (


主我們的神, 天地的主宰, 是應當稱頌的, 祢以祢的誡命使我們成聖, 並且祢吩咐我們成為世上的光, 因為祢已賜給我們主耶穌, 我們的彌賽亞, 世界的真光.


Blessing over wine/grape juice:


Barukh attah Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha-olam,

borei p'ri hagafen. Amein.


Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine. Amen.


主我們的神, 天地的主宰, 是應當稱頌的, 因為祢創造了葡萄.


Blessing over bread:


Barukh attah Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha-olam,

hamotzi lechem min ha-aretz. Amein.


Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who brings forth bread from the earth. Amen.


主我們的神, 天地的主宰, 是應當稱頌的, 因為祢從大地賜給我們食物 (麵包, 餅).


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